high priest


high priest
Spokesman for the people to God, and for God to the people. Aaron and his successor Eleazar were precursors of the institution (Num. 27:21 ff.) which is mentioned in Lev. 21:10. He alone was anointed and possessed authority over lay officials. He was clothed with the ephod in which were set stones bearing the names of the twelve tribes, and on his head he wore a kind of turban or mitre (Exod. 28:36–7). Zadok and Abiathar were chief priests under David (2 Sam. 20:25), and Zadok's descendants were high priests in the first and second Temples. Joshua came back from the Exile as high priest (Ezra 2:2). Under Herod the Great high priests no longer held the office for life and Annas was appointed by Quirinius governor of Syria in 6 CE until 15 CE. After several short tenures Caiaphas, who was Annas' son-in-law, became high priest from 18 CE until 36 CE. The statement in John 11:49 and 18:13 that Caiaphas was high priest ‘that year’ does not mean that the office was an annual one (though it was for pagan high priests in Asia Minor and Syria): either John was mistaken or ‘that year’ means ‘that memorable year of the crucifixion’.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • High Priest —     The High Priest     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The High Priest     The high priest in the Old Testament is called by various names:     ♦ the priest (Num., iii, 6);     ♦ the great priest (Lev., xxi, 10);     ♦ the head priest (IV Kings, xxv,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • HIGH PRIEST — (Heb. הַ)כּהֵן הָדֹאשׁ ,הַכֹּהֵן הַגָּדוֹל ,הַכֹּהֵן), the priest at the head of the priestly affairs. In pre Exilic times the common appellation for the chief priest of a community was the priest (Heb. ha Kohen; e.g., I Sam. 14:19, 36; 21:2–10) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • high priest — high′ priest′ n. 1) rel a chief priest 2) jud Judaism. (from Aaronic times to about the 1st century a.d.) the priest ranking above all other priests and the only one permitted to enter the holy of holies 3) a person in a high position of power or …   From formal English to slang

  • high priest — n 1.) informal someone who is famous for being the best at a type of art, music etc, and whose ideas or work change the way that other people think about and make art, music etc high priest of ▪ the high priest of modern jazz 2.) the most… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • High priest — High High, a. [Compar. {Higher}; superl. {Highest}.] [OE. high, hegh, hey, heh, AS. he[ a]h, h?h; akin to OS. h?h, OFries. hag, hach, D. hoog, OHG. h?h, G. hoch, Icel. h?r, Sw. h[ o]g, Dan. h[ o]i, Goth. hauhs, and to Icel. haugr mound, G. h[… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • High priest — (Eccl.) A chief priest; esp., the head of the Jewish priesthood. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • high priest — noun count 1. ) the most important or powerful priest 2. ) MAINLY JOURNALISM the man who has the most experience or knowledge about something: the high priest of self help …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • high priest — n. [ME heyge prest] 1. a chief priest; specif., the chief priest of the ancient Jewish priesthood 2. a person, esp. a man, who is a chief exponent of a philosophy, movement, etc. or an acknowledged leader in some field high priesthood n …   English World dictionary

  • high priest — high priests N COUNT: usu N of n If you call a man the high priest of a particular thing, you are saying in a slightly mocking way that he is considered by people to be expert in that thing. ...the high priest of cheap periodical fiction …   English dictionary

  • high priest — ► NOUN 1) a chief priest of a non Christian religion, especially of historic Judaism. 2) (also high priestess) the leader of a cult or movement …   English terms dictionary

  • High priest — The term high priest may refer to an individual who holds the office of ruler priest, or may refer to the head of a religious caste. * In ancient Egypt, a high priest was the chief priest of any of the many gods revered by the Egyptians. * In… …   Wikipedia


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